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Get off that chair

People with type 2 diabetes who sit all day have a riskier blood fat mixture than those who move around or exercise periodically throughout the day, according to researchers.
“It has been previously shown that interrupting prolonged sitting with light intensity activity after meals reduces risk factors for heart disease and diabetes, such as elevated blood sugars and high blood pressure,” said acclaimed author Dr Megan S. Grace.

Past research has also shown that patients with type 2 diabetes have an altered blood fat profile that contributes to inflammation and insulin resistance and that exercise can improve this profile.
“What we found interesting about this study was that breaking up sitting also reduces levels of lipids (fats) in the bloodstream that are associated with risk for type 2 diabetes and its complications,” added Grace. “Our study showed that breaks which include either simple resistance exercise or light walking were generally equally beneficial in reducing blood lipids.”

Researchers looked at blood lipid profiles in 21 overweight or obese adults with type 2 diabetes under three different conditions: sitting throughout the day (rising only to use the bathroom); breaking up sitting by light walking for three minutes every 30 minutes; and breaking up sitting by doing light exercise like squats and knee raises for three minutes every 30 minutes.
During sitting, and especially after meals, the lipid profile reflected an inflammatory state that also lacked the antioxidants needed to fight inflammation, according to the results in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Both light walking and light exercise changed this profile into one that was less inflammatory and had a greater capacity for fighting inflammation. Light exercise also improved fat-burning capacity.
Best advice: “Stand up, sit less, and move more - particularly after meals.”
The results are novel and important because they identified new mechanisms to explain why sitting time has been linked with poor health.  Moreover, the most important message related to physical activity is that exercise can prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes and prevent complications for those who already have type 2 diabetes.

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Local artist ‘SKAY’ aims big

As South African Hip Hop evolves, more and more aspiring rappers are emerging onto the scene and trying to make a name for themselves through their craft.

One such talent is Sibusiso Khumalo, who’s known as ‘SKay’ in the rap circles. The 23-year-old,  has been rapping since 2011 and is determined to make it in the City of Gold, where dreams either come to fruition or get shattered.

Describing himself as “young, ambitious, talented and hardworking”, the pint-sized rapper doesn’t seem to like being boxed into one category and he quickly points out saying, “I’m a musician, not just a rapper because I can do all genres”.

During a time where Hip Hop has gravitated towards the ‘Trap’ sound, the influence of trap is very evident in SKay’s sound, which is fused with a mix of vernacular and English rhymes and flows that are switched with ease. He acknowledges this by saying that, “I’m trying to bring trap and rap at the same time”.
Hailing from Clau-Clau in Mpumalanga, SKay has gone through his fair share of obstacles and challenges, one of them being the issue of Payola where some musicians often have to pay a bribe in order to get their music playlisted on major radio stations.

Drawing inspiration from rappers like J.Cole and AKA, SKay has taken considerable time to educate himself about the business side of the music industry by attending music workshops by Samro and RiSA.
“I’m still trying to build the brand ‘SKay’ before signing to any record label” he says, being aware of the fact that he’s still in the development phase of his career and in no rush to sign a recording deal.
SKay who juggles the music with interning at the Department of Education, has huge ambitions for his music career and has begun working on new music.

“I’ll be releasing an E.P soon, I’m not sure when. The E.P will be titled Dollar P because most of the guys featured on the E.P are the guys from Mpumalanga, my hood and the production will be done by Dollar Productions”.
‘SKay’ is definitely a name you should familiarise yourself with as he’s one to look out for in the future.

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Knife wielding robbers arrested in Mayfair

It is alleged that the suspects robbed a 42-year-old male at the above mentioned address.
The victimised dad who was travelling with his daughter, was coming from Jambo cash and carry when suddenly a man put his hand through his car window then grabbed a key from the ignition and switched off the car.

According to Constable Lelimo of the Johannesburg Central SAPS, one of the robbers pointed a knife at him while his four accomplices searched the man and took his cellphone, his wife’s id book card as well as his, an mp4 player and cash amounting to one thousand five hundred and fifty rands (R1 550).

After the robbery the men took off. In no time a police vehicle patrolling the area came to the man’s sight, he quickly alerted the police of the crime resulting in a swift hunt for the suspects. “Two suspects were apprehended and a knife was also confisticated. However, three suspects are still at large with the cash and belongings of the victim,” Constable Lelimo concluded.    
Meanwhile - In an unrelated incident, a 20-year old man ran out of luck after attempting to grab a passenger’s phone and jump off a moving train.

It is alleged that the complainant was in a moving train, and busy with his phone, when a man grabbed it from him.
The thief tried running away but was blocked by the door. He was caught by commuters and handed to PRASA officials when the train arrived at park station.

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Mayor speaks out against crime

Johannesburg Executive Mayor Cllr Herman Mashaba has spoken out strongly against the high levels of crime in the city and urged communities to stand up and fight the scourge.

Mayor Mashaba said he was “shocked and appalled” by the rape of a Soweto woman in front of her 10-year-old son after she boarded a taxi on Ontdekkers Road in Roodepoort, west of Johannesburg.

Speaking at the launch of the City’s Traffic Hotline at the Johannesburg Metro Police Department headquarters recently, Cllr Mashaba said an open dialogue was needed and necessary on crime and how it could be tackled.

“I think we need an indaba as a country – including local, provincial and national government – to look at how we can assist men and women in uniform to be able to do their jobs because we can’t allow the breakdown of the rule of law,” Mashaba said

He said he was saddened by Sunday’s rape incident, which has drawn widespread condemnation. Mashaba said as a concerned citizen he was continuously asking himself whether there was still law and order in the country. He said unemployment was but one of the drivers that led to people engaging in crime.
“Families are breaking up. Fifteen-year-olds have never seen any of their parents waking up to go to work,” he said.

He asked whether there were consequences for engaging in crime in South Africa. “As the City of Johannesburg, our metro police can arrest [criminals] but we don’t have prosecutorial authority. We don’t have courts and we don’t have prisons. We rely on the national government to provide such services,” Mashaba said.

He said his administration would do everything possible to bring about law and order in Johannesburg.
“The only way we can address the high levels of crime in our country is to be serious about economic growth. We need to have an economy that can employ our people and give them dignity. When people are unemployed their only solace becomes alcohol and drug abuse. They have nothing to lose,” he said.

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City allocates R88 million to fight potholes in Johannesburg

Mashaba again put the fight against potholes on top of the agenda when he announced that, as part of the mayoral intervention, the Johannesburg Roads Agency (JRA) would spend R88-million from its 2016-2017 adjustment budget allocation to fight the scourge that has put the safety of many motorists at risk.
Resplendent in a brightly coloured worksuit and protective gear, Mayor Mashaba rolled up his sleeves and dirtied his hands as he joined groups of Johannesburg Roads Agency (JRA) workers in repairing and sealing potholes.

Of the R88-million set aside to deal with pothole repairs during the remainder of the 2016-2017 financial year, R60-million will be spent on materials and equipment; while the rest will be used to start addressing the 40% staff capacity shortages in the roads maintenance teams.
Mayor Mashaba said pothole repairs were a short-term solution to ensure the safety of the motorists and maintained that resurfacing remained the long-term response to the challenge.
 He decried the state of the City’s roads, revealing that the backlog for roads resurfacing stood at R3.5-billion, while that for roads construction was in the region of R2.3-billion.

He said most of the roads built by the previous administration were “half done” as they were not properly prepared and the thickness of the tar was not of the required standard.

“The lack of storm water drainage in some parts of the city remains a challenge and is a contributing factor to the damage on our roads,” said Mayor Mashaba.
The 2017 citywide Visual Condition Index shows that 14% of the roads in Johannesburg are in a poor condition and a further 15% in a very poor condition. Through JRA’s integrated citizen communication channels, more than 37 450 potholes were reported between April 2015 and February 2017. Of these, 32 740 were fixed.
Mayor Mashaba said the time taken to repair potholes remained a challenge but that JRA was working on improving its turnaround time for general repairs.
Member of the Mayoral Committee for Transport Cllr Nonhlanhla Makhuba said the fixing of potholes and resurfacing of roads would contribute to safer roads and job creation.

“While the current budget allocation for resurfacing and reconstruction does not fully address these backlogs, it is the intention of the City to gradually increase the budgets over time,” she said. Local resident Jabulani Radebe said potholes would not have been a problem had a proper job been done the first time. “Let’s hope that new project by Mayor Mashaba will improve the state of our roads,” he said.

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Tips to bank safely on your smartphone


As more consumers embrace the ease and convenience of accessing banking services through their mobile devices, it is becoming more essential for them to protect themselves from fraudsters by constantly keeping up to date with the latest Apps and security measures.
 Kartik Mistry, Head of Smart Devices at FNB says, “Although technology allows you to bank anywhere at any time, the onus is on you to constantly lookout for the latest security measures to prevent fraudsters from robbing you of your hard earned cash.”
 He outlines important safety tips that consumers should consider when accessing banking services on their mobile devices, either through Banking Apps, cellphone banking and the mobile web.
 
Download Apps from trusted sources
 It is not safe to download Apps from suspicious or unknown sources as these can expose your mobile phone to malicious malware and viruses that can gain unauthorised access to your private information.
 • Install an up-to-date anti-virus application to your mobile device. Most Banks provide this free of charge to their customers.
 
SIM Swaps
 Protect yourself from Sim Swap fraud by always keeping your phone switched on, ensuring that you have connection to the network and can send and receive messages.
• As an FNB customer who uses the FNB Banking App, you get to use Smart inContact which allows you to safely approve Online Banking transactions on the Banking App, verify devices that login to your profile, and use secure messaging to immediately report any fraudulent transactions 24/7.
 
Cellphone Banking
 Memorise your PIN, never write it down or share it with anyone.
• Choose an unusual PIN that is hard to guess and change it often.
• Remember, for your own security you are required to re-enter your PIN before each transaction.
• If you think your PIN has been compromised, visit your nearest branch and change it immediately.
• Protect your phone content and personal information you saved by using a PIN or password to access your phone. Do not leave your phone unlocked.
• Avoid responding to competition SMS’s or MMS’s.
• If you receive a phone call requesting personal information do not respond and end the call.
 “If you suspect that your mobile device may have been compromised, check if you are free from viruses and malware, have access to your cellphone network and avoid entering your banking PIN and accessing banking services until you are certain that it is safe,” concludes Mistry.

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City of joburg stands firm financially despite economic challenges

The City of Johannesburg achieved a R3.8-billion surplus in the 2015-2016 financial year, Chief Financial Officer Reggie Boqo said during an investor roadshow at the Hyatt Hotel in Rosebank.

The figure represents a R200-million increase compared with the achievement of the corresponding period the previous year.
Boqo said the 5% increase was the result of healthy liquidity levels, with a closing cash balance of R4.4-billion compared with R4.9-billion the year before, the successful redemption of bonds and other liabilities, and a 6% increase in total income,” Boqo said.
He attributed the 6% increase in income to an improvement in the revenue collection rate from 91.7% to 94.7%.

The City’s revenue amounted to a total of R44-billion, derived from service charges (54%), government grants and subsidies (20%), property rates (19%), other (6%) and interest received (1%) and reported a total expenditure of R40-billion.

The City also received an upgrade by Moody’s to Aa1.za/P-1.za from A2.za/P-1.za. “[This] is a strong rating level in a challenging environment,” Boqo said.

The City’s efforts towards achieving prudent financial management and clean administration continued to bear fruit as it once again received an unqualified audit opinion. “Corrective measures and action plans have been put in place to ensure matters reported by the Auditor-General are remedied going forward. We will continue to intensify actions to ensure we receive a clean audit,” said Boqo.


He said the City’s total assets had also increased substantially – from R56.374-billion in June 2012 to R81.351-billion in June 2016. He attributed the increase in assets mainly to the growth in the public-private sector engagement – from R36-billion in 2011 to R62 billion in 2016 – and an increase in cash balances from R695 million in 2011 and R4.4-billion in 2016.

“Over the past five years, the City has intentionally worked towards building up cash resources through the implementation of more stringent cash management practices including weekly and monthly cash projections, which are proactively monitored. We are managing cash comfortably year on year and have turned the corner to sustainable high levels of liquidity,” added Boqo.
He said the City’s Financial Development Plan had played an essential role in ensuring the continued financial sustainability and the effective financial planning of the City.

“Improving service delivery through increased spending such as the start of the re-fleeting of Metro Buses and road and storm water infrastructure upgrades continues to deliver results. I hope this gives comfort that your investments with us and in the infrastructure we see going up in Rosebank and Sandton and others are solid,” Boqo told the investors.

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JDA embarks on inner-city rejuvenation projects

The Johannesburg Development Agency (JDA), the City of Johannesburg’s infrastructure development entity, recently showcased some of the latest developments and projects it is spearheading to turn the Johannesburg inner city into a liveable urban space and an attractive investment destination. The developments and projects were unpacked during a tour of the area, which has in the recent past been plagued by capital flight, urban decay, crime and grime.
The day-long tour included a drive through Braamfontein and walkabouts at Maboneng Precinct, Museum of African Design, Hallmark House, Jeppe Post Office and the Nando’s headquarters in Lorentzville. As a result of the various strategic development and investment interventions, the inner city is re-emerging as an economically productive and attractive area for both locals and visitors.
The developments and projects are taking place around the Park Station Precinct, Westgate Precinct (in the southwestern corner of the inner city, including Ferreirasdorp) and the Inner City Eastern Gateway Precinct (including Judiths Paarl, Berea and Lorentzville) over the next three years.
“As JDA we are committed to developing and improving the inner in a manner that achieves balance and supports the interweb of connections that exist the among users of the inner city – small and big retailers, residents, commuters, consumers, employment seekers and workers,” said Nicolette Pingo, JDA’s Manager of Facilitation and Management.
“These precincts are ripe for development and investment,” said Pingo.
She said more than R200-million had been budgeted for inner city infrastructure development projects in the 2016-2017 financial year and a further R116-million in the 2017-2018 period.

The projects include:
• The development of the Johannesburg Inner City Park in partnership with the Department of Public Safety, Johannesburg City Parks & Zoo and the private sector;
• Improvements to the inner city “green spine” – the End Street Park;
• Improving links between transport nodes;
• Completion of the Kaserne Intermodal Terminal by June 2018;
• Development of several housing projects; and
• Development of the Jeppe Park, which starts in June 2017.
Maboneng’s latest development has taken a fresh approach to container usage by developer Nutek, which is using containers for retail developments.
Drive Lines, on the other hand, will develop a 100-unit residential apartment building complete with a ground floor pool, greenery and a gym.
Hallmark House, dubbed “the most iconic building on the eastern edge of Johannesburg”, offers an exclusive escape from the hustle and bustle of the city. It includes 16 rooms at the Hallmark House Hotel, a trendy apartment, retail and entertainment venues, a rooftop spa, gym and a venue for hire. The project is due for completing within the next two months.
The Jeppe Post Office development, which is expected to commence within the next two months, will include the preservation of several heritage elements, refurbishment of the building and development of residential apartments.
The development includes an eclectic and exciting art collection and complimentary design features, a gym, food laboratory, retail space and an eatery.
“There’s so much energy and exciting opportunities unfolding in the inner city. ” said Pingo.

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Study events management at Boston

A charity event fashion show held on Sunday evening brought together a superbly dressed crowd of journalists, magazine editors, models, media personalities and guests.

The event that was produced in aid of two charities was slick and smoothly run, with all attendees raving about the evening.  The WIZO fashion show in aid of WIZO and the Lupus foundation was a really exciting and vibey event – and it is so easy to get involved in such an evening –you do not have to be a fashion designer or a model. 

So how do you get involved in what may feel like events that are out of reach? You need to have some skills to offer. Fashions shows make it clear that the amount of work required to achieve the final stylish product is huge, and a full team of skilled people from make-up to bookkeepers!

A career in events management will equip you with the skills to organise a stylish show.
Event managers are responsible for the production of events from conception through to completion. Events can include anything from exhibitions and fairs; flea markets, music festivals, sports events; corporate conferences, promotions and product launches and fundraising and social events.

Events take place both in the public and the private sector – think of elections and the work involved behind the scenes! It is a fast paced profession as you are usually working to tight deadlines, and potentially being let down by suppliers last minute!  “Organising something like a fashion show requires organising the venue, transport, liaising with traffic co-ordinators, model agencies, hair, make-up, lighting, sound, visual, ticket sales, reception, catering, the bar, goodie bags, emcee’s and so much more we haven’t even listed!,” says Dina Diamond, event co-ordinator.


Diamond continues saying, “Charity events are a good way to raise money because people like to attend events rather than just give money”.  Judy Dlamini, founder and CEO of Luminance boutiquepartnered with WIZO to produce an event of exceptionally high standards. Dlamini stated that owing to the nature of Luminance boutique, the bar was set very high. The fashion show therefore had to be fantastic – slick and classy – in order to match their brand. 

What kind of a person should you be? An event co-ordinator must be creative and must be a good problem solver.
This hands-on role often involves working as part of a team. Event organisers require clear communication skills, excellent organisational skills and attention to detail. They must work well under pressure. “There are so many aspects in which you can become involved in these events – if you want to build a career in fashion you don’t have to be a model or a designer – you can work in make-up, hair, events management, or administration within the charity or organisation” says Diamond. 

“If you are the organiser – you must attend – in order to troubleshoot and see to it that everything runs smoothly,” says Diamond.
“On Sunday night I was attending to seating, missing tickets, event set up and activating credit card machines”. This is a lot of fun, but can also be exhausting! “There are multiple elements to organise – starting from 6 months before the event - to on the evening”.   Lastly, says Diamond, “it is not just the planning for the event and the actual event that you will be involved in.

 You are also involved in the not so fun part that includes overseeing the dismantling and removal of the equipment, clearing the venue efficiently, and post-event evaluation (including data entry and analysis and producing reports)”.
“People who are attending have high expectations, as do your sponsors and contributors,” says Diamond. “Event managers really need to know their stuff. 

It is thus essential to invest in good training and to spend some time gaining practical experience before you embark on a fulltime career.” To succeed in the events industry you need to be creative, like working with people and have lots of energy!”
The diploma that Boston City Campus & Business College offers is called Diploma in Event Management (qualification code: HDIPEM) on NQF Level 6.
 Contact Boston on 011 551-2000, e-mail This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., visit
 www.boston.co.za

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Kenya to roll out drug to curb HIV infection

 

Kenya's health ministry said on Tuesday that it will roll out the new HIV intervention measure dubbed Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP).

The Head of the National AIDS and STI Control Programme (NASCOP) Martin Sirengo said the new HIV intervention measure will be rolled out in the country from April and will involve the use of PrEP among people who are HIV negative but who face the risk of contracting the disease.

"When you are on PrEP you must arm yourself with other preventive measures because no one method is 100 per cent effective," he said in a statement released by the ministry of health on Monday night.

"If you engage in sex with multiple partners please use condoms. This method is being introduced as part of a package of services; don't use it as the magic bullet," he cautioned.

The intervention seeks to lower the country's HIV transmission rate by administering oral antiretroviral medication (ARVs) to HIV negative individuals who face a substantial risk of contracting HIV.

These include HIV negative individuals in serodiscordant relationships (where one partner is HIV positive and the other is HIV negative); people who frequently contract Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs); individuals who are unable to negotiate condom use and safe sex in situations of repeated sexual or gender based violence; people who frequently use Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) as well as HIV-negative injecting drug users.

Rigorous assessment criteria will be used to determine those who qualify for treatment with PrEP only being administered to individuals who are above 15 years of age and who are HIV negative.

They will also be screened for kidney disease and Hepatitis B and C.

Those who have pre-existing kidney disease will not qualify for PrEP while those who have Hepatitis B or C will be placed on specific medication.

Kenya becomes the second country in Africa, after South Africa, to roll out PrEP. However, it is widely used in developed countries.

This has been necessitated by the rate of new HIV infections in the country.

In 2015, Kenya reported 77 600 new HIV infections.

Out of these, 71 000 were found to be in people aged 15 and above.

Sirengo cautioned users to combine PrEP with other preventive interventions like use of condoms and male circumcision to further reduce the risk of acquiring HIV.

He added that for PrEP to be effective users will have to take a pill every day and will be monitored on a regular basis.

They shall also be required to take an HIV test every three months. In the unlikely event that they acquire HIV while on PrEP, they will be placed on ARVs.

"PrEP will be available for free in select public health facilities with the government spending between 60 U.S. dollars to 70 dollars on one individual per year. The government is similarly working on the modalities of catering for free kidney and liver tests," Sirengo said.

PrEP takes seven days to be effective and users should continue taking it for as long as they are at risk.

The intervention measure works by preventing HIV from getting into the cells and multiplying.

Individuals who engage in transactional sex and other high risk behaviour are advised to go for an HIV test every three months.

It is otherwise recommended that one gets an HIV test at least once a year.

 

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